It is not uncommon that whenever we seek an introduction to Nepal, it is often identified as a multi-racial, multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic, multi-cultural country. With people from 123 different cast speaking 125 different languages, the richness in diversity of the country is evident. This abundance of diversity, however, also signifies the difference in people’s beliefs, values, and norms. Dominated by Hindu practice of social traditions, a discriminatory relationship amongst people of such varied backgrounds exists in Nepalese society, which is mostly dominated by caste based discrimination, and gender discrimination. With 81.34% of the total population being Hindu (CBS, 2011), the influence of Hinduism in Nepalese societies cannot be sidelined, as it has been shaping the values and traditions of our societies since centuries.
Although the Constitution of Nepal prohibits all kinds of discriminatory behavior in terms of religion, caste, class, ethnicity, or gender, the deeply rooted practice of centuries passed on through generation seem to possess a stronghold in social practices. Despite the effort of the government to eliminate such discriminatory practices, many communities throughout the country, especially those placed in rural locations, are still advocating caste and gender based discrimination. The discriminatory beliefs embedded in values of one’s daily life has always posed a challenge to establish a just and equal society albeit the increase in literacy rate of the country, the spread of media throughout the nation, and the efforts of various NGOs and INGOs.
Centre for Social Change plays its part as an accountable organization in expressing against such mal practices via informed research, media monitoring, and article publications, to establish a just and equal society.